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www.healthline.govt.nz (link is external) Chronic Care
When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
Tips for Caregivers What is medical nutrition therapy? Write the date on the bottle when you open it. An opened bottle of insulin will expire 2 months after it is opened and must be discarded at this time
If you drink alcohol, do so responsibly. Alcohol, as well as drink mixers, can cause either high or low blood sugar, depending on how much you drink and if you eat at the same time. If you choose to drink, do so in moderation and always with a meal.
Learn More about Treating Type 2 Diabetes The International Diabetes Foundation highlight four symptoms that should prompt someone to get checked for diabetes as soon as possible:1
Acarbose (brand name Precose) and meglitol (Glyset) are alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. These drugs help the body to lower blood glucose levels by blocking the breakdown of starches, such as bread, potatoes, and pasta in the intestine. They also slow the breakdown of some sugars, such as table sugar. Their action slows the rise in blood glucose levels after a meal. They should be taken with the first bite of a meal. These drugs may have side effects, including gas and diarrhea.
and receive your FREE Real Food Action Guide Content Submissions Use 100% whole grain whole wheat flour and besan to make rotis, and choose brown rice instead of white rice. Add ground flax seeds to roti dough or to dahl, or sprinkle them on cereal or oatmeal.
Check blood glucose level to confirm; give a glass of fruit juice or 3 to 4 teaspoons sugar in water. Keep some sweets like a bar of chocolate to take for when symptoms occur
Housing & Tenancy The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends lean proteins low in saturated fat for people with diabetes. If you’re following a vegan or vegetarian diet, getting enough and the right balance of protein may be more challenging, but you can rely on foods like beans, nuts, and tofu to get your fix. Just be sure to keep portion size in mind when snacking on nuts, as they are also high in fat and calories.
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